Compression garments boost circulation to reduce swelling in joints and the surrounding tissue, most commonly in the lower leg. They also protect against the progression of venous inefficiencies such as varicose veins, swelling and damaged tissue from injury. By distributing gentle, firm graduated pressure throughout the joint, blood circulation will increase.
Using compression during activity or while at work (seated or standing), and travel helps circulate blood flow. During activity this assists by mitigating lactic acid buildup and decreases muscle soreness. Wearing compression for prolonged sitting or standing offers support to the main muscle pump in the calf that pushes blood back to the heart. If the muscles are not contracting or under strain from weight bearing, this increases pressure within the tissue and the veins making the blood flow difficult to return to the heart.